From the 2018 Hou Yongyong and Li Ke players with Chinese descent into the Chinese national team, to later Brazilian foreign players such as Exon and Luo Guofu who played in China became naturalized. Some played for the Chinese national team in the 2022 World Cup qualifiers. Match. This series of operations caused another wave of trouble in Chinese football, which was not peaceful.
We can't help asking, is naturalization suitable for Chinese football? In fact, looking at Asia and the world, naturalization has long been a new term. In Asian football, Japan, the Philippines, Kyrgyzstan, the process of naturalizing players has long begun. Looking at the world of football, there are "foreign faces" in various European powers including France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, and England. Especially the 2018 World Cup champion France, whose faces are mostly from Africa.
Therefore, the Gaul rooster is also dubbed "Gaul black chicken" by fans. So, what is the rise of France, and how much help do naturalized players do for them?
Looking back at the history of the French national team, it is not difficult to find that France's glory in the World Cup began in the 1998 World Cup. In that World Cup, France was sitting on the advantage of the host and won the first World Cup trophy in history. At the time, there were 7 black players including Henry in the French team. The team's midfielder Zidane, although not a black player, is also from Algeria in North Africa.
In the lineup of France, which won the World Cup for the second time in 2018, 15 people including Mbappé and Kanter are all from Africa. To
All of these are closely related to the heritage of the French colonial period. Since the discovery of the New World by Columbus in 1492, all European powers could not restrain their ambitions and began the process of frantically plundering colonies and spheres of influence. Among them, France, a major European country, also began to participate, establishing colonies and spheres of influence in America, Africa and Asia.
The history of France's establishment of a colonial empire in Africa begins in 1848. In 1848, France established its own territory in Algeria in North Africa, proclaiming the birth of France's second colonial empire.
▲France occupied Algeria
In the 1870s, a frenzy to carve up Africa came. As a colonial power, France is not to be outdone. In just a few decades, it has brought North Africa, West Africa and most of Central Africa and the island of Madagascar in the southeast corner of Africa into its colony and sphere of influence. In its heyday, about 35% of the African continent was controlled by France.
▲Africa before the First World War, the blue part is the French colony
After occupying the African continent, France adopted a method of direct rule. Not only must French be spoken, but the original tribal system in Africa has been completely shattered.
With the establishment of French dominance, for many old aristocrats in Africa, the main way for them to promote is to speak French. In addition to France, Belgium also participated in the process of dividing Africa. At that time, Belgium occupied 7% of Africa's territory, which was the same as Germany and Italy, and higher than the old colonial empire Portugal.
In Belgium today, Dutch and French coexist. But at that time Belgium was a French-speaking country. In order to expand the influence of Belgium, French is a required course.
The influence of France and Belgium on Africa has made the African continent the most spoken French language. This also reduced the language barrier for many African players to integrate into French society.
Some people say that the rise of French football depends on the naturalization of African players, but it is not. These black players have immigrated since childhood and lived in France, speak French, agree with French values, and have long been integrated into French society.
By the beginning of the 20th century, with the development of the Industrial Revolution, France entered an era of rapid industrial and technological development. However, the problem of slow population growth also began to plague France at this time.
To make up for this disadvantage, France signed agreements with neighboring countries to introduce labor to make up for the shortfall. At this time, a large number of laborers from Italy, Hungary, Poland and other countries poured into France. This part of the immigrants from other European countries constituted the basis of French European descent. For example, French football Napoleon Platini (Italian) and Koscielny (Polish) are descendants of European immigrants.
This made France after the war faced a severe labor shortage in the process of economic development. On the other hand, the problem of slow population growth has plagued France since the beginning of the 20th century. To remedy this problem, France decided to attract foreign population.
In 1947, France gave Algeria, an overseas province of France, to introduce labor. From 1947 to 1953, a total of 746,000 Algerians entered France. Until Algeria's independence in 1962, about 300,000 Algerians had settled in France. At this time, Tunisians and Moroccans from North Africa also entered France as low-end labor.
In the 1960s and 1970s, with the advent of the national liberation trend, a large number of French African countries declared their independence. But independence did not cut off their ties with the suzerain. After independence, the political systems of many French-speaking African countries all came from the "French blueprint." In addition, economically and culturally, Africa's dependence on France has not eased, but has become heavier. For example, the currencies of many African countries are still called francs (the West African franc and the Central African franc).
In addition, after independence, African countries have weak infrastructure, and political disputes have led to frequent wars. At this time, their former suzerain country, France, opened the door to refugees in order to make up for the shortage of labor. The two hit it off, and in this way, a large number of sub-Saharan Africa immigrated to France and became the main force of the French labor force. To
These African immigrants have long been influenced by French culture, speak French, and are baptized by French culture. For them, to integrate into French society, language is not a problem. But because most of them have a low level of education, they are mainly engaged in some heavy low-end labor. To change this situation, playing football may be the only way out. The powerful explosive power and speed of many black players allowed them to squeeze out many local French players and quickly occupy the main position. To
The rise of football in a country requires both internal and external factors to work together. Among them, external immigration is a necessary condition, and what really drives the rise of French football is their own developed youth training system. In the developed youth training, the concept of football youth training is an indispensable factor. After learning the youth training in neighboring Germany, Italy, and England, France has integrated into its own culture and formed its own youth training concept.
In addition to the concept of youth training, France has a well-developed scouting system and youth training infrastructure. In France’s poor immigrant communities, many descendants of African immigrants like to play football. Where there are children playing football, there are scouts. They often find the best players with a unique perspective and send them to football clubs to train them. Many children of African descent have great explosive power, endurance and speed. Therefore, in their teenage years, they squeezed out many local French players and occupied an important position. They laid the foundation for their success in the future. To
In the football youth training system, the club’s youth training camp and football school play an indispensable role. Among them, the most famous in France is the Clayfontein Football Youth Academy, known as the "French Football Whampoa Military Academy". Many young talents will be trained in French football youth training in Clarefontaine after multiple screenings. Here, they not only have to learn French football concepts, but also receive cultural education. This is precisely what their home country does not have.
After Clarefontaine's success, they will be sent to the French youth team to become a reserve talent. In the French Ligue 1 registration rules, African players are considered domestic aid and do not account for non-European spots. This is unique among the five major leagues. Therefore, many African players use Ligue 1 as a springboard for logging into other leagues. Such favorable conditions reduce the obstacles for many African players to play. Therefore, players like Mbappé and Kanter are more willing to play for France.
In the more than 20 years from 1998 to 2018 to today, in addition to African players, the rise of France depends more on its own strong hematopoietic ability. French football is precisely the reason for its rise in the lost 10 years under the combined effect of such internal and external factors.
This article first appeared in Tiger Fighting Football